Gold Standard Act Approved on March 14, 1900
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President McKinley signs Gold Standard Act, March 14, 1900.
122 years ago today, President William McKinley signed the Gold Standard Act, which established gold as the sole basis for redeeming paper currency.
The act halted the practice of bimetallism, which had allowed silver to also serve as a monetary standard.
It set the value of gold at $20.67 an ounce and valued the dollar at 25.8 grains of gold.
The act guaranteed that the government would redeem any amount of paper money for its value in gold, and it meant that transactions no longer had to be done with heavy gold bullion or coins because the paper currency had a guaranteed value tied to something real.
The Federal Reserve is committed to using widely accepted standards in designing the FedNow Service to aid in accomplishing the key goals of achieving nationwide reach for instant payments and promoting interoperability with the existing private-sector service. To support these goals, the service will use the widely accepted ISO 20022 standard.
The Federal Reserve intends to launch the FedNow Service as soon as practicably possible. Although the target release date remains 2023 or 2024.
The European Central Bank (ECB) announced that it will start conducting experiments to decide whether to launch a digital euro. In a report setting out the pros and cons of launching a digital euro, the ECB said that it could support the Eurosystems objectives by providing citizens with a safe form of money in the fast-changing digital world.
The statement comes after Bank of Russia proposed a wide-ranging ban on the use of cryptocurrencies, and their trading and mining.
According to a report by the Central Bank of Russia, the nation's central bank gold holdings surpassed its dollar reserves for the first time in its history, with gold making up 23% of total reserves as of the end of June and dollar assets dropping to 22%.
SEC. 2. OPERATION STARFALL.
Not later than 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force,
in consultation with the Chief of Space Operations, shall develop and begin implementation of "Operation Starfall",
a strategic plan to deploy stratospheric balloons, aerostats, or satellite technology capable of rapidly delivering
wireless internet anywhere on the planet from the stratosphere or higher.
The team built the system using Hyperledger Fabric, a popular DLT platform, because it generally met the team's design requirements of a closed network, mature technology, and enterprise readiness. The experiment highlighted the potential of DLT for certain payment uses, the quick speed with which a system could be implemented, the potential simplicity of smart contracts, and the range of functionality offered by such platforms. It further highlighted the need for more experimentation to better understand the possibilities for wide-scale adoption and use of any DLT platform for payments.