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Central Bank digital currencies Competition

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News Date: August 22, 2020

China CBDC Pilot Program Beats West to the Punch.
Chinas Ministry of Commerce has announced the pilot run of the country's central bank-backed digital currency in major cities, including Beijing, Hong Kong, and Macau.
Bitcoin and Facebooks Libra cryptocurrency may eventually be in competition with central bank digital currencies.
Source:www.securities.io, www.forbes.com

First Manned Flying Car

Japanese company successfully tested a manned flying car for the first time.
Sky Drive Inc., a Toyota-backed start-up with a mission for developing flying cars, has conducted the public demonstration on August 25, manned test flight of one its aerial vehicles after years of work. The SD-03, with its glossy white exteriors and sleek aerodynamic body, flew around Toyota Test Field, showing the world that such a thing as flying cars can exist beyond fantasy and fiction.
Sources:https://hypebeast.com

BRICS Alternatives to SWIFT

BRICS is the acronym denoting the emerging national economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.
It is a growing eastern world alliance led by China.
In another effort to reduce their dependence on the US dollar, BRICS members have been building their own global payment infrastructures for international transactions that are independent of the US dollar and can serve as alternatives to SWIFT, the leading messaging network for financial transactions worldwide.
This allows BRICS members, especially those who are often subjects of US sanctions, to create their own rules for international banking and settlement. Moreover, by extending alternative financial infrastructure to other countries and regions, BRICS can create greater buy-in for their own system and increase their financial and political influence through this alternative system.
Some BRICS members have independently developed their own cross-border payment mechanisms in recent years.
Both Russia and China have launched their national alternatives to the SWIFT global banking network and introduced their systems to broader global markets. Source: www.cambridge.org

What is Special Drawing Right (SDR)

The SDR was initially defined as equivalent to 0.888671 grams of fine gold-which, at the time, was also equivalent to one U.S. dollar. After the collapse of the Bretton Woods system, the SDR was redefined as a basket of currencies.
Source: www.imf.org

Speeding up the BRICS - SCO payment system

A new, "cutting-edge" payment system for the currencies of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and BRICS countries should be established as soon as possible, according to the chairman of Russia's National Economic Development Organization VEB.RF, Igor Shuvalov.
In his remarks at a Russian-Chinese Business Forum on Tuesday in Shanghai, Shuvalov emphasized the need for Russia and China to hasten the development of an effective payment system.
"We urge the government of the Russian Federation and our Chinese partners to act as actively as possible.
An independent and efficient infrastructure of payments is necessary not only for ensuring the "ruble/yuan" pair but also for carrying out the most serious transactions in SCO and BRICS currencies," said Shuvalov.

IMF, World Bank annual meetings on economic development

The International Monetary Fund and World Bank will hold their annual meetings, with both calling on the Group of 20 largest economies to extend a freeze in debt payments from the worlds poorest nations that is set to expire at year end.
The annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the Board of Governors of the World Bank Group (WBG) are going to kick off on Monday 12, and will remain in session till 18 October. The meetings come amid unprecedented conditions because of the COVID-19 outbreak and the severe impact it has had on the whole world.
The meetings are designed to bring together central bankers, ministers of finance and development, private sector executives, representatives from civil society organizations, and academics to discuss issues of global concern, including the world economic outlook, poverty eradication, economic development, and aid effectiveness.
IMF to revalue its Special Drawing Rights (SDR) - the world's reserve currency waiting in the wings.
Sources:www.bloomberg.com, ahram.org.eg, gesara.news

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